A MYCN-independent mechanism mediating secretome reprogramming and metastasis in MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma.

Hai-Feng Zhang, Alberto Delaidelli, Sumreen Javed, Busra Turgu, Taylor Morrison, Christopher S Hughes, Xiaqiu Yang, Manideep Pachva, Michael M Lizardo, Gurdeep Singh, Jennifer Hoffmann, Yue Zhou Huang, Khushbu Patel, Rawan Shraim, Sonia H Y Kung, Gregg B Morin, Samuel Aparicio, Daniel Martinez, John M Maris, Kristopher R Bosse, Karla C Williams, Poul H Sorensen, Science advances 9, eadg6693 (2023)


MYCN amplification (MNA) is a defining feature of high-risk neuroblastoma (NB) and predicts poor prognosis. However, whether genes within or in close proximity to the MYCN amplicon also contribute to MNA+ NB remains poorly understood. Here, we identify that GREB1, a transcription factor encoding gene neighboring the MYCN locus, is frequently coexpressed with MYCN and promotes cell survival in MNA+ NB. GREB1 controls gene expression independently of MYCN, among which we uncover myosin 1B (MYO1B) as being highly expressed in MNA+ NB and, using a chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model, as a crucial regulator of invasion and metastasis. Global secretome and proteome profiling further delineates MYO1B in regulating secretome reprogramming in MNA+ NB cells, and the cytokine MIF as an important pro-invasive and pro-metastatic mediator of MYO1B activity. Together, we have identified a putative GREB1-MYO1B-MIF axis as an unconventional mechanism promoting aggressive behavior in MNA+ NB and independently of MYCN.